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Colley  Cibber
西伯
圖片來源:http://store.yahoo.net/aliciasanchez/colcib1617.html
主要文類:Drama
資料提供者:Marguerite Connor/康慕婷
關鍵字詞:Restoration dramatist;Seminar on Restroation Drama (Spring,1997)

Colley Cibber

Colley Cibber

1671-1757

by Brian Moroz

Provider: Marguerite Connor / 康慕婷

   
Colley Cibber, born 6 November 1671, died 11 December 1757, was an actor, playwright and theater manager during the late 1600s to the mid 1700s. He wrote twelve comedies, six tragedies, and one tragicomedy. He also scripted numerous musical "entertainments." His career lasted fifty-five years and was riddled with various controversies and critics. He began acting with no training after a rejection from college. His first recorded acting part was in September of 1690. He became a success after playing Lord Touchwood in the Double Dealer (1694). When no new lead parts came as a result of this success, he wrote one for himself in Love's Last Shift (1696). He played Sir Novelty Fashion, a fop character, which set the trend for his most talented performances. Perhaps his biggest writing success was his adaptation of Shakespeare's Henry III, which was the playing version for one hundred and fifty years. He worked in Drury Lane theater until October of 1706 when he moved to Haymarket. In 1710 he was back again in Drury Lane, this time as a manager. While there he was called a "greedy, hard-headed and abrasive man." Cibber's most controversial play was his adaptation of Tartuffe in 1717. Tories with Jacobite sympathies were very angry at his version of the play, and Cibber was considered an enemy up to and after his death. However, those who favored the Whig party were quite fond of the adaptation. The last time Cibber took the stage was in his own adaptation titled Papal Tyranny in the Reign of King John. He was booed and mocked during and after the performance. Cibber had an interesting career with many ups and downs. In the end he made many enemies, Alexander Pope among them. His death in December of 1757 went nearly unnoticed by the theater circle.
   
   

     

     

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