資料彙整   /   作家  /  Richard  Steele  理察•斯蒂爾
Richard  Steele
理察•斯蒂爾
圖片來源:http://www.accd.edu/sac/english/bailey/steele.htm
主要文類:Drama
資料提供者:Marguerite Connor/康慕婷
關鍵字詞:Irish writer,essayist, journalist;Restoration dramatist;pseudonym Isaac Bickerstaff;Seminar on Restroation Drama (Spring,1997)

Richard Steele

1672-1729

Provider: Marguerite Connor / 康 慕婷

 
  Steele, Sir Richard (1672-1729), English essayist, playwright, and statesman, who founded and contributed frequently to the influential 18th-century journal the Spectator.

Steele was born in Dublin. He entered the army in 1694 and during his term of military service wrote three comic dramas, The Funeral (1701), The Lying Lover (1703), and The Tender Husband (1705). In 1707 Steele was appointed to edit the London Gazette, an official government publication.

In 1709 Steele brought out, under the pseudonym of Isaac Bickerstaff, the first issue of the Tatler, a triweekly journal featuring essays and brief sketches on politics and society. In addition to his own essays, Steele published a number of papers by the English essayist Joseph Addison. This publication was succeeded in 1711, by the more famous Spectator with both Steele and Addison as contributors. Steele's next journalistic venture, the Guardian, started in 1713, lasted for 176 issues, and was succeeded by several periodicals.

In these later undertakings, Steele, an ardent Whig, involved himself in violent controversy with the Tories, who then controlled the government. He entered Parliament as a Whig but was expelled in 1714 on the charge of having committed seditious libel in his pamphlet The Crisis. After the accession of King George I later that year, Steele was reelected to Parliament, knighted, and made supervisor of the Theatre Royal of Drury Lane. There his last comedy, The Conscious Lovers, was produced in 1722.

 

 
 
 
 

 

 

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