1. representation of women with a focus on rape and spectatorship;e.g.
1. literature: "Araby"; "I''m Running for my Life"; "Rape Fantasies" "Rape" (Adrienne Rich);
2. paintings: excerpt from Ways of Seeing;
3. popular culture--music video: Dream World;
4. popular culture--films: "Rear Window";
5. popular culture--ads: Contemporary Images of Women on the Ads
**Choose a Chinese or English text (literary or non-literary) and study its construction of women in relation to men. Are the women in the chosen text subordinated to men, objectified (used as a symbol or an object of desire) or stereotyped (angel or whore)? Is their development constrained in the patriarchal society? Is the text critical of,or complicit with, this sexual inequality?
2. Women''s discourse;
e.g. "Greek Goddess"; "I Stand Here Ironing"(Tillie Olsen) (remote); "Yellow Wallpaper"; Margaret Atwood, A. Rich''s "Diving into the Wreck," "Rape," M. Atwood''s "Rape Fantasies" ; A. Munro
**Choose a text written by a woman and study its attitudes toward patriarchal values and/or its construction of gender. Remember, a woman is not necessarily a feminist; some woman writers may be complicit with patriarchal society.
3. gender studies and lesbian studies
Artists on Women''s Images: Madonna, Barbara Kruger, Cindy Sherman, Chinese Americans and Female Artists and Femininist Issues: Taiwanese and Western feminist painters
e.g. "Maidemoselle" (Maupaussante); k.d. lang; 台灣的同志運動； representation of gay and lesbian in mainstream films (Crying Game, 《新同居時代》，etc.), Philadelphia《費城》, Tongues Untied, Out: Stories of Gay and Lesbian Youth, Paris Is Burning, 〈安卓珍妮〉
**Choose a text and study its construction of gender. Are gender differences in the text absolute or relative? What constitutes the "female," the "male," or even the third sex (biology, language, psyche or culture)?